Registration certificates and residence cards of family members of EU citizens will therefore certify their legal residence in Spain in the future so that they can benefit from the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement. However, obtaining this residence permit, which corresponds to a model established at European level and which explicitly mentions the status of the holder as a beneficiary of the Withdrawal Agreement, is very useful because it is a physical card containing biometric elements that allow the implementation of many administrative procedures, including the crossing of foreign borders within the European Union. These provisions will only enter into force if the end of the transition period passes without an agreement between the UK and the EU. The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period from the withdrawal date to 31 December 2020. If you have residence rights under the Withdrawal Agreement, you also have the right to be treated on an equal footing with nationals of the country in which you live and not to be discriminated against. They have roughly the same rights to work, study and access benefits and services as before the UK left the EU. Persons entering and not covered by the transition period after the end of the transition period, i.e. after 1 January 2021, are subject to the general rules on foreigners, unless the mobility conditions are set out in the Agreement on the Future Relationship being negotiated between the UK and the EU. The only exception is for children born after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom and for whom a parent not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement has sole custody under applicable family law. Irish citizens are not required to apply for a cross-border work permit, but can still apply for it. The rights of Irish citizens to live, work and access other benefits in the UK are protected by the Common Travel Area. This new procedure has been in force since 6 July 2020.

It distinguishes between people who already had a registration certificate or family card for EU citizens and people who did not have it for various reasons. Children are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, regardless of their place of birth, before or after the UK leaves the EU, or whether they were born inside or outside the host country where the EU citizen or British national resides. A cross-border work permit can also give you the right to rent and access services and services in the UK, including NHS healthcare, if you meet the relevant eligibility requirements. It is not mandatory to apply for the new residence permit, but it is important to remember that you must have a registration certificate (or a family card from an EU citizen, in the case of family members) documenting your situation. The United Kingdom has concluded similar agreements with the EEA EFTA States (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland. You can read the following: The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland is due to enter into force at the end of the transition period. However, the provisions of the Protocol may or may not be repealed in another agreement between the UK and the EU. The following European Commission document also provides additional information on the beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement and the rights they have. For those arriving in Spain after 6 July, a procedure has been developed for the issuance of residence documents under the Withdrawal Agreement during the transition period.

This avoids duplication of applications for certification of a Union citizen`s registration and residence permit. Once this procedure enters into force (6 July), applications for registration certificates or residence cards for family members of EU citizens submitted by beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement will be processed as applications for residence documents in accordance with Article 18(4) of the Agreement. The transition period was introduced to allow for the conclusion of agreements between the EU and the UK without major disruption. In order to exercise these rights, citizens may have to apply for a new residence status, depending on the country that has decided to opt for a so-called constitutive or declaratory system. The same applies to any EU citizen who has moved to the UK or to UK nationals who have moved to an EU Member State during the transition period. The budget provides €340 million for Brexit-related measures. The courts of the United Kingdom may refer questions to the Court of Justice of the European Union for a preliminary ruling on the interpretation of the citizen part of the Withdrawal Agreement for a period of eight years from 31 December 2020. For issues related to applying for permanent resident status in the United Kingdom, this eight-year period began on March 30, 2019.

The Withdrawal Agreement is the most important document governing EU-UK relations, but it does not solve all the problems between the EU and the UK. Ireland and the United Kingdom have declared their continued commitment to the Common Travel Area, which grants (among others) Irish citizens in the United Kingdom and British citizens in Ireland residency and travel rights. You can find out more about “Rights of residence of British citizens in Ireland”. Free movement is one of the foundations of the European Union, and many EU citizens and UK nationals moved abroad to live, work or study when the UK was an EU member state. The current social security schemes between Ireland and the United Kingdom have not changed. All social benefits from the Ministry of Social Welfare, including pensions and family allowances, will continue to be paid as usual. The Withdrawal Agreement protects all EU citizens who, at the end of the transition period, were in a situation involving both the UK and a Member State. Family members and survivors are also protected.

Detailed guidance on part of the civil rights of the Withdrawal Agreement can be found in the Declaration on Civil Rights. You can also consult the full text of the Withdrawal Agreement. These rules on the coordination of social security systems may also apply to other persons, e.B. UK nationals who are frontier workers in an EU country. Please note that the information contained in the above file does not reflect the official opinion of the Commission. Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the competent national authorities of the Member States, which are the first point of contact for UNITED Kingdom nationals. Please also note that the situation is constantly evolving, so regularly check the latest information and news on the national websites listed. The Commission will continue to update the information on this website with the latest contributions from the EU-27 Member States. If they vote to terminate any part of the Protocol, the decision will enter into force 2 years later. However, a cross-border work permit is mandatory from 1 July 2021.

However, it is advisable to apply as soon as possible if you are eligible to make sure you have one by then. It also protects family members who are granted rights under EU law (such as current spouses and registered partners, parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren and a person in an existing permanent relationship) from joining their family member in the future. Essentially, EU citizens and UK nationals meet these conditions if they: The status of UK driving licences in Ireland and throughout the EU after the transition period is uncertain. The National Driver Licencing Service (NDLS) recommends that you exchange your UK driving licence for a local licence before the end of 2020. .